Dog

Veterinary Services

Our staff at Mooloolaba Veterinary Surgery can provide your pet with a full range of medical and surgical care to help keep your pet in good health. We also provide dental care, special diets and skin care products. To keep your pet looking fantastic on the outside as well as being healthy on the inside we can wash, groom and clip toe nails (if they are too long).

We can provide weekday house calls (vaccinations), some after hours calls and we can suggest people who offer pet sitting and walking.

Grooming

We also offer:

  • Basic Health Care Tips (Know what is normal for your pet, some routine maintenance, and when to see the Vet)
  • Vaccinations and Heartworm Annual Injection
  • Worming
  • Fleas & Ticks
  • Microchipping (special price)
  • De-Sexing (Spay, Castration)
  • Dental Care (prices start from $320)
  • Illness and Accidents
  • Tick Treatment
  • Surgery
  • Afterhours Calls (Limited)
  • Diagnostics – Imaging, Radiographs, Ultrasound, Laboratory Blood Samples & Histopathology
Dog

Basic Health Care

Step One: Know what’s normal for your pet

Good health care often begins with spending some quality time with your pet and getting to know where all the normal lumps and bumps are and how it typically behaves. These things will change over time, some pets will become less active some will get pigment spots. Most owners will notice something has changed either physically or in behavior and it may be the case that something has suddenly happened. But a lot of long term diseases can go on for years, unnoticed, slowly changing, before there is a sudden change that the owner does see. Don’t be confused by “symptoms” or changes which may be normal, one of the classic things that owners tend to notice, is a hot/cold/dry/wet nose. More significant changes in older pets such as weight loss, increased drinking of water and persistent coughing are worth looking into.

Grooming

Step Two: Routine maintenance

Just like your car, your pet needs some Routine maintenance and a few once in a lifetime procedures. Vaccinations, worming and flea treatment needs to be done on a regular basis while de-sexing, and microchipping are done once in a lifetime. Also like your car, you can insure your pet against accidents or expensive repairs. Insurance is an optional extra, if you really want the best care for your pet, it’s worth having.

To make it easier to remember when these routine care items are due; mark your calendar or pop a reminder in your phone; even though everyone knows about vaccinations, worming and fleas, they can be very easily forgotten in a busy family.

Grooming

Vaccinations and Heartworm Annual Injection

Annual vaccinations

Cats

All cats with exposure to outdoors cats should have an annual vaccination; in-door cats who never go outside have a reduced chance of catching a respiratory virus. These days most of these viruses cause mild symptoms except for the very young and old. Even though the symptoms are mild they can be carried by the cat lifelong and the symptoms can return when the cat is stressed. Much like cold sores in people. Some symptoms such as sneezing, oral ulceration, eye discharge with conjunctivitis may indicate the presence of a viral reoccurrence.

Dogs

We recommend the five in one C5 vaccine as a routine vaccination, it gives the best coverage for “kennel cough” which is one of the commonest things that we vaccinate against. Leaving out protection against the most likely thing for your dog to catch doesn’t make a lot of sense.

Heartworm Annual Injection

Can be done at the same time as your pet dog’s annual vaccination. While the injection can be given at a young age, this can be quite expensive initially, and it may be less costly to use a tablet monthly or a spot-on medication until the pup is near it’s adult weight (between 6 and 10 months old).

Grooming

Worming, Fleas & Ticks

We have placed a list of the currently available products later in the text, sometimes you may need to try a number of products until you find the one that works best for your pet.

Don’t get discouraged if you can’t control a heavy flea infestation with one dose or even a few doses of a product. Fleas are common, and they are common because they are very hard to kill, in some of their life stages, often you will need to continue treatment until all of the eggs have hatched out and grown into adults. The best way to control an early flea infestation is to kill the adult fleas before they lay eggs or if large numbers of eggs are already present, you need to remove the adults with a product before they lay more eggs which will keep the problem going. If you have a real flea plague it may take months before all the fleas are gone. People do taste bad to fleas, but they may give you a quick nibble if there are a very large number of fleas and they are starving; if you are being nibbled on you probably have a lot of fleas around.

Grooming

Microchips

A microchip implant identifies your pet for life. Once the chip is in place, keep your contact details up to date with the microchip registry office (don’t lose your paper work), if you change your phone number or address, let them know. We see a lot of lost dogs and cats at the surgery; sometimes we can even let owners know their pets have wandered off; before they realize they are gone.

Grooming

De-Sexing (Spay and castration)

We recommend all pets not being used for breeding purposes be de-sexed at an early age, usually 5 to 6 months old. As well as all the health benefits gained by early de-sexing, most pets have positive behavioral outcomes with a decreased urge to wander and decreased aggression. There is also a cost saving in early de-sexing, older pets, and large or obese pets will be more expensive to de-sex, due to the increased difficulty of the procedure.

It is common in Australia to de-sex pet dogs and cats which are not going to be used for breeding, this removes the problem of unwanted litters, promotes better health in pets and can give them a longer life span.

Once upon a time, many people mistakenly believed that it was better to let female dogs and cats have one litter before being de-sexed, this really isn’t the case and the only effect was to produce a lot of unwanted kittens and pups.

De-sexing will also help lessen many hormone related problems like aggression and territorial behaviour that can make a pet a danger; there are also numerous health benefits with the reduction or elimination of many reproductive cancers or diseases.

Description of surgery-

In females most parts of the reproductive tract are removed (ovaries and uterus), leaving the ovaries is not common practice in Australia. Leaving the ovaries in place would mean the pet would continue to come into season every six months. Other health benefits would not occur, and local councils would not give the usual reduction in registration for de-sexed pets.

In males we do not snip the tubes, once again unless the bits (testicles) are removed there will continue to be hormone production with all the possible problems associated with intact dogs. (urine marking, aggression or aggressive play, escaping)

There are hormone implants which will produce a temporary chemical de-sexing, these are ideal for pets which may be used for future breeding, but due to their high cost are not be an alternative to surgical de-sexing.

Grooming

Step three: When to go to the Vet

Is your pet sick? Most pets will get sick at some time in their lives; most of the time it will be only a minor illness, a bit of an upset tummy or itchy skin, but sometimes it can be more serious.

Try to gather as much specific information as you can about why you think your pet is ill, before going to the Vet ( make a written list, don’t leave out things that may be important; like you saw him eat a lump of rat poison three days ago). Avoid if possible statements like, “He is not himself to-day” or “He is acting funny”. Try to work out why you think these things; what is your pet doing that makes you worried. It will help us track down where the problem may be hiding.

It’s not possible to list here, all the things that may indicate something more serious is happening; but, if you think you pet might be seriously ill don’t wait until five minutes before we close for the day, to make an appointment, early attention is a good idea.

Grooming

Dental Care

We offer a moderate cost dental cleaning service, we can give an individual quote depending on how good or bad the dental disease happens to be. Make an appointment to have your pets teeth and gums checked to obtain a quote (If it is only a consultation for this reason there will be no consultation fee).

Some breeds of dog and some cats are very prone to developing gum disease. It is very easy to see, open up their mouth and look where the teeth meet the gums, (photo) if it looks red and painful; chances are your pet will be uncomfortable.

Do I need to look after my pet’s teeth?

A lot depends on what breed of dog or cat you have.

Some breeds are more prone to developing problems with their gums and teeth than other breeds, the difference may be something as simple as the shape of the mouth, dental crowding or increased mineralisation of the plaque on the teeth that makes some dogs more likely to develop dental problems.

Small breeds with short faces (Cavaliers, Maltese, some poodles) or breeds like bull terriers and grey hounds may develop problems more frequently than breeds like border collies or German shepherds.

Some cats have very good teeth while others develop problems, as a general rule cats with good teeth seem to have better health overall.

It’s not difficult to tell if your pet is developing gum disease, simply lift up the top lip of your pet and see if the teeth are becoming brown stained or if the gums where they meet the teeth are red and inflamed. Unlike people dogs do not develop holes in their teeth, they have a slow build-up of dental calculus (tartar; a thick brown stain) on the teeth, which then causes an inflammation in the gum, which over time will recede and expose the tooth root. This loss of root attachment will cause the tooth to become loose and unhealthy.

Not surprisingly having inflamed gums can be painful, if your pet has a large area of damaged gum it can be uncomfortable for your pet, without obvious external symptoms.

In pets prone to developing dental tartar, there are a few things which may reduce the build-up of calculus-

Brushing is the gold standard; start early and use gentle brushing only; it doesn’t require much force to remove the soft plaque from the teeth. Many pets will be very resistant to having their teeth cleaned with a brush, if this is the case move on to Plan B –

Using a dental disinfectant (like a mouth wash),

Use a soft cloth to apply the gel to the dental surfaces, it will kill off some of the bacteria that help form the plaque and may also physically remove some of the plaque. Once again, some pets don’t like the idea of using mouth wash, move on to Plan C –

Chewing on things.

There are a lot of products available in the stores, designed to be chewed on and keep your pet’s teeth clean. Some of these products are not much more than a treat and do not help much for your pet’s teeth. In theory chewing would need to regularly remove sufficient plaque from next to the gum line on all the teeth (including those teeth not usually when chewing to break up food). These products will vary in their effectiveness and produce a different result in different pets, they are worth trying but you still may require Plan D –

Dental clean, polish and scale under anaesthetic, with extractions as required.

For some pets this will be the only way to ensure oral health; by removing any sick teeth and eliminating the built-up calculus a clean healthy mouth can be achieved.

How often should I check my pet’s mouth?

Regular oral checks every six months, in problem pets is a good idea, as this will minimise the number of teeth lost to gum disease. In most pets checking the teeth at the annual vaccination is sufficient to maintain dental health. 

Grooming

General Illness & Accidents

A lot of things have changed since we started practice in 1983, however we still continue to offer comprehensive medical and surgical care for your pets at a reasonable price. With over 30 years experience we know which tests and procedures your pet really requires to get the best outcome possible. High priced and sometimes unnecessary tests or procedures have become common place in all service industries (if sit down and talk to a lawyer it may cost you, an arm or a leg). Where possible we will tailor our treatments to suit your budget.

We offer a full range diagnostic testing including laboratory test, radiographs, ultrasounds, and referrals for cat scans and MRIs.

Very sick patients or patients requiring prolonged care can be hospitalised and treated until they are ready to be discharged or for continued outpatient care.

Many years ago it was common to see dogs being admitted for treatment of broken bones due to being hit by cars, with the changes in fencing laws and better care by owners this isn’t as common anymore. The leg injury we see most often now tends to be cruciate ligament injuries in a dogs back legs. Depending on the patient there are a number of treatment choices available, we usually perform a basic procedure for under one thousand dollars, but larger or more active dogs would require a specialist surgery which can be expensive.

Radiographs

Why are x-rays taken, are they the best choice, what other imaging techniques are available

Radiographs can be useful when we require more information about the hard structures in the body, usually bone or object with the same density as bone. Many things like cartilage or plastic will not appear on a radiograph as the x-rays pass through them unimpeded. Imaging of bones or dense foreign bodies can provide a lot of information about where or what type of problem a pet has. Less information can be gained from radiographs of soft tissues and may be limited to telling us that yes there may be something happening there but not exactly what.

For soft tissues an Ultrasound, CT scan or MRI examination will usually provide higher more reliable information.

While no form of imaging is guaranteed to give all the answers to a diagnostic problem, many will help to form a better idea of what is going wrong.

Laboratory tests

-When are they useful

Every patient is different, some will present with all the symptoms required to form a diagnosis sufficient to begin treatment, others will have only vague general symptoms which make it impossible to form a diagnosis or even be certain that the pet has a significant problem. 

Only so much can be seen from the outside of a patient, the majority of a disease process is hidden away inside, one way of measuring these non-visible internal changes is to perform some form of laboratory test.

Monitoring the progress of some treatments and disease states, is required where potentially harmful medications are given over a long period of time.

 

Grooming

Paralysis Ticks

There is only one species of tick you need worry about; the paralysis tick (Ixodies holocyclis); other species (Brown dog tick) will occur infrequently in the Mooloolaba area and are usually harmless. The paralysis tick is a native species of tick which can usually be found on ground dwelling marsupials (Echidna, bandicoot, wallaby). Which have evolved over the ages, to be immune to the toxins released by the tick as it sucks blood from its host. Introduced mammals, including people, can be fatally affected by the toxin, as they have little or no innate immunity.

The poisoning associated with the tick’s feeding, is quite unintentional, unlike snakes they are not trying to kill their prey by injecting a venom; the tick saliva is injected to help the tick feed and the poisoning is an unhappy side-effect in non-native animals.

In Mooloolaba, ticks can be found more commonly between May and December, the number can vary from year to year and may depend on the weather (cooler and wetter winters may sometimes favour higher tick numbers). Native animals are also required to spread the ticks through suburban backyards as the forage around at night, in some areas the number of native animals has fallen and also reduced the number of ticks in the environment.

Every tick season we see a lot of owners who aren’t sure if their pet has a tick or a skin lump, if you are in doubt bring your pet to the surgery so we can determine if your pet has a tick or lump. If you remove a tick you can also bring it to the surgery to be examined.

Symptoms

A tick can release a combination of toxins when feeding, sometimes in large amounts or in amounts which will not cause any illness in your pet. Clients regularly tell us stories about how they have removed ticks from their pets, which then did not become poisoned; while other pets can become seriously ill from even a small tick.

Possible symptoms

1/ classic symptoms (sudden onset, happens over a day or less)

- Wobbly in hind legs while walking or difficulty standing up

- change in bark or meow, may sound hoarse

- dilated large pupils. The eye can often appear to be black. Pets may hide as they are light sensitive.

2/ some other symptoms

- cough or regurgitation

- frothing at the mouth or increased drooling

- loss of use of one leg

- drooping face, ear, or eye on the side the tick is attached

- pneumonia

- complete paralysis

- temperature regulation difficulties. more susceptible to heat or cold stress

- Death

The toxin targets nerve cell function and may affect the smallest nerves first, in people common first symptoms may be double vision and headaches. Some degree of pneumonia always seems to be present because of the intoxication.

Treatment?

Full treatment can be expensive, the most severely affected patients may require many days of intensive care, with costs running into the thousands of dollars, less ill patients can be treated with tick serum, intravenous fluids, cage rest and acaricides. Not all snake bites are poisonous and even snake which are poisonous may not inject venom in a bite. Similarly with ticks, some patients don’t receive sufficient toxin to cause noticeable illness, however it is hard to predict which patient will or will not become severely affected, as the full extent of the symptoms may not appear for a day or two after the tick is found and removed.

The tick serum works best if given early, late in the course of the illness it may not be as beneficial. Pet owners will need to carefully balance the cost of treatment against the potential benefit of early treatment, when choosing how to proceed with a tick case. If you are happy to commit to treatment, don’t be tempted to “wait and see”, as delaying the start of treatment may increase the risk of complications developing.

All the symptoms associated with tick intoxication can commonly be caused by many other toxins or diseases, so your pet can have these symptoms and not have a tick. However, if you find a paralysis tick on your pet and it has any of the above symptoms, have it looked at by your vet.

Prevention

1/ Daily checking for ticks. Run your hands slowly over the pet checking around the mouth, eyes, face and neck especially well, then check the feet and rest of the body. It may be more effective to ruffle up the hair and work your fingers down to the skin rather than gliding your hands over the coat. A tick can be quite small when it first attaches to the skin; as they feed they will enlarge and become easier to find, regular checks may help find a tick you missed earlier.

2/ Tick treatments. If you are in a tick area you can use one of the many quality tick treatments currently available for dogs (not cats). With all products, daily checking remains very important, as no guarantees are given by the manufactures as to the effectiveness of these products in preventing tick intoxication.

Grooming

Surgery

We can perform the full range of operations usually performed at Vet surgeries, including joint and bone surgery, soft tissue surgery, and obstetrics. Some operations require a large surgical team or special equipment which is usually only available at specialist centres, for these procedures we can refer clients to either the local specialist or a Brisbane specialist if required.

Surgical removal of Skin lumps

As a dog ages almost, all of them will develop a skin lump or two, most lumps will grow very slowly while some will quickly grow larger, most owners usually notice them while they are patting or grooming their pets. With older pets it’s worthwhile remembering to give your pet’s skin a good looking over when you pat them, so you will be familiar with their normal skin, so you can notice anything out of the ordinary.

What to do if you find a lump?

To be on the safe side it would be worthwhile to have a new lump or skin change looked at by a Vet, lots of the lumps will be fine; in cases where a lump is possibly a more dangerous type it may be safer to have them removed at an early stage. In older dogs lumps that enlarge quickly over a few weeks, ulcerate or develop a similar lump nearby, are more suspicious than a lump which hasn’t changed in years.

Some types of skin lump

Lipoma (fat) and cysts (fluid)-

Lipoma

A lipoma is one of the most frequently seen type of skin lump in the middle aged or older dog, these are particularly common on the lower chest. They are usually small movable lumps composed of fatty tissue, soft, around one to two centimetres in size, and can be felt just under the skin surface. Most of these will grow fairly quickly to one to two centimetres in diameter then stop growing. A slightly different type of fat lump which occurs in the deep tissues under the skin will continue to enlarge and, in some larger dogs, may reach half the size of a soccer ball. The small lumps tend to be easily movable in the tissue under the skin while the larger lumps are firmly attached to the underlaying muscle layer.

Most of the smaller lumps can be left alone if they do not enlarge, however the deeper lipomas will continue to grow in a lot of cases and should be removed if they are likely to interfere with the pet’s daily life.

Cysts  

Another familiar type of skin lump in dogs and cats is called a cyst, they may contain dried oil material (sebaceous cyst) or be filled with yellow fluid. They can occur at any age in pets and are usually small (less than 1cm) and can be quite firm or soft if fluid filled.

Sebaceous cysts usually occur when the opening of an oil gland becomes blocked and the oil builds up in the gland, over a time he oil dries out and forms a firm cyst. It is relatively easy to lance them and express the contents of the cyst which has a consistency of tooth paste; this will usually fix the problem.

The other fluid filled Cyst can enlarge to a few centimetres or more in size; they are usually soft and may have a very thin layer of skin overlaying them if they are large. Lancing a cyst and removing the fluid may give a temporary reduction in its size but it will usually refill with fluid soon after. To permanently removal of the cyst, surgical excision of the whole structure including the wall of the cyst is required, this is because the cells that produces the fluid are found in the wall and surrounding tissue.   

Sebaceous hyperplasia (looks like a large wart)

Occurs in all old dogs, but some breeds particularly Poodles it may be more common. Typically, there will be single, or multiple unpleasant looking raised wart like lumps on their skin; sometimes they can bleed, be itchy, or be covered in crusts. Despite their appearance they are usually harmless and are caused by an overgrowth of the oil gland cells (Sebaceous hyperplasia).

They can be removed, if they cause problems; if you find their appearance unsightly or if your pet is scratching at them. It is likely that more will appear over time, so your pet may require further lump removals as they grow over the years.

Not so nice lumps (Malignant cancers/neoplasia)

While many skin lumps are benign, some malignant skin lumps will also be found from time to time. Visually, good and bad lumps, can appear very similar and Laboratory testing (histopathology) may be required to tell them apart. Histopathology is always recommended when there is doubt about what type of lump we are dealing with. It is also a necessity if further specialist treatment, like chemotherapy, is being considered as part of the treatment regime. 

When to remove a lump

-If you personally, are concerned about the lump and would rather see it gone

-If it is malignant or likely to be malignant

-If its position may cause future problems and early removal is of a benefit

-If it continues to enlarge, bleed, cause irritation or pain to your pet

Knee surgery for Anterior Cruciate Ligament rupture

Knee ligament damage (ACL) is becoming more common in young people who play sports involving rapid turns and stops, there is speculation the increased incidence may be due to taller players, higher centre of gravity and lack of agility training. In people an ACL rupture is commonly a sudden even occurring during vigorous exercise. In dogs the way a ligament injury occurs may be a little different, there will be pets who do suddenly rupture their ACL during exercise, but just as commonly a pet may have a slowly developing damage to the ligament which may finally break after only mild exercise.

In a normal knee joint there is very little down ward tilt of the front of the knee, if the joint is not horizontal with the ground, the ACL has to work a lot harder to stabilise the joint. This abnormal excessive pressure on the ligament can cause either a slow strand by strand failure or a sudden rupture. 

Because this is a structural problem with the joint shape, both knees can be equally affected; once one leg is damaged the ACL on other leg may also break.

 Treatment-

    Conservative treatment- (for small pets, very old pets, or where surgery is unaffordable)

Non-surgical treatment can be tried in some small dogs, old pets or where surgery is too expensive; it usually involves restricting exercise for a prolonged period of time and the use of medications designed to slow down the development of arthritis. In some pets a thick fibrous tissue capsule will develop around the joint which can give enough stabilisation to let a pet get around with a reasonable degree of freedom. Physiotherapy at home will help maintain joint mobility.

 Surgical correction-

Most of the available surgical techniques currently in use, are meant to reduce the movement in the joint but not to make a replacement Anterior cruciate ligament. In the past, various types of material were tried with disappointing results, as the implants tended to break after a while. Two approaches to correcting the injury are followed; the less expensive technique can be used in small dogs, but most large dogs require the more expensive surgery. (so, insurance is a handy thing to have).

Extracapsular surgery. (small dogs)

This repair relies on developing a fibrous tissue capsule to stabilise the joint, heavy suture like material is placed through the joint to reduce the abnormal backward and forward sliding motion across the joint. The suture material needs to maintain stability until the fibrous material is fully formed; the repair will fail if it becomes stretched or works its way through the tissues. It is very important to reduce the amount of exercise during the convalescent period to get the best possible result; too much exercise will result in a loose joint and inadequate repair.   

Correction of the knee joint angle. (TPLO, TCA)

Both of these surgeries reduce the abnormal motion across the knee joint by changing the angle of the knee joint surface by cutting the shin bone and then using metal implants to fix it in a different position. Heavy or very active dogs will have a better outcome with these surgeries; the TCA surgery may have a faster return to normal function as it doesn’t involve transection of the tibia.

Obstructions of the intestines (eating the wrong thing)

Dog and cats can sometimes eat items they shouldn’t eat, these can be either non-food items such as pieces of toys, stones, and fabric or indigestible large items of food, such as bone or vegetables. Some pets show very little discrimination in their eating habits and will try to eat almost anything; many times, they will later throw up the stuff they have eaten with no ill effects. On rare occasions the object will get caught in the stomach or bowel and cause an obstruction of the digestive tract. When this happens, they can become quite ill, depending on where in the bowel the object has lodged and whether or not it is a total obstruction or partial.

Objects causing a total obstruction, in the stomach or upper small intestine will make pets ill very quickly, usually with large amounts of vomiting, loss of interest in food and they appear miserable. Without treatment to correct the problem (often surgically) many pets will not survive. Objects can sometimes lodge in the oesophagus where it passes through the chest, the only symptom may be a loss of appetite and sometimes salivation; many objects lodged in the oesophagus can be removed with an endoscope.

Smaller items may not cause a total obstruction of the bowel and may even move along slowly down the bowel, causing the pet to be off colour with recurrent bouts of ill health. 

Hairballs. (Fur ingested during normal grooming or pica)

The classic hairball looks like a tightly compacted hair sausage that the cat has just thrown-up on your bed. When a cat grooms itself, the comb like hooks on its tongue strip a lot of loose hair from its coat, the cat will then swallow most of the hair. Much of the ingested hair passes through the cat as loose hair but some long-haired cat can have the hair in the stomach tangle together in a matted knot which is too large to pass through. This is what usually comes out as a hairball.

Rarely a small knot of hair may enter the small intestine and cause a blockage, or a very large ball of hair can collect in the stomach and effectively fill the entire stomach.

The chance of getting Hairballs can be reduced by regular brushing of the coat to remove loose hair, laxatives (paraffin based), or propriety hairball diets. In some cases, it may be easier to have the cat’s coat regularly clipped to reduce the length and reduce the chance of forming a tangle.

A small number of dogs can also develop hairballs, these are usually long-haired breeds with problems that make them very itchy and they lick out large amounts of their own hair. There is also an unusual mental disorder called Pica, which may cause them to obsessively eat non-food items including their own hair.  

Bladder stones (Uroliths)

What are they?

Urine normally contains dissolved elements including such as calcium, magnesium, carbon, phosphorus and oxygen, in various combinations. When the conditions in the bladder are just right these elements can combine together to form minerals which can then produce large or small crystals, much like you may find in nature but formed by biological means. If the crystals are small enough they will pass out of the urinary system without being noticed, but if they form a large stone they will cause a problem.

Struvite or Calcium carbonate stones are the two most commonly found types of bladder stones in dogs and cats. 

What symptoms do pets show?

In dogs recurrent urinary infections that do not respond to antibiotics, may indicate the presence of bladder stones or more rarely kidney stones. Many of the symptoms are due to the irritation to the bladder wall directly by a rough surfaced stone, or secondary infections.

- Frequent small volume urination sometimes red coloured due to the presence of red blood cell, discomfort during urination and foul-smelling urine

 - A significant number may have stones present in the bladder and show no symptoms

How are they diagnosed?

- Larger stones may be felt inside the bladder during an examination

- Urine samples to look for cells and small crystals can be important.

- Radiographs and ultrasounds can provide information on the size and number of stones present.

How are they treated?

-If they are not causing complications, some stones may occasionally be dissolved away with a prescription diet. If struvite-based stones are present the diet may help to reduce the chance of reoccurrence.

- Other stones particularly calcium carbonate stones will need to be surgically removed from the bladder

Skin Wounds

What are they?

-Small lacerations or wounds of the skin can have a lot of causes, trauma, infection, and chemical or thermal injuries, to name a few. Some of the commonest seen are dog/cat bite wounds or small lacerations caused by running into a sharp edged or pointed object.

What symptoms do pets show?

- Traumatic wounds may be very visually distressing to the owner but may not be as severe as they first appear, simple first aid (Caution is required with freshly traumatised pets, as they may bite because they are highly stressed) if possible hand pressure can be applied to bleeding wound or bandaging to prevent further damage to the area.

- Open wounds developing after a local infection (cat bite), may not be noticed for a few days after the initial injury, when a large wet area of fur with damaged skin is seen by the owner.

How are they treated?

-Some wounds, particularly single small bite wounds made by a tooth are best left open rather than sutured.

-Deep penetrating wounds have a risk of tetanus, very rare in our area, as the tetanus bug is often found in horse manure. People using horse manure from horses shedding the tetanus bug may introduce it to their yards.

Simple suture or complex skin grafting.

Some require short term open or closed drainage if fluid build-up may occur

Some wounds are abrasions with a loss of large areas of skin, these may require a long period of wound management with bandaging and wound care medication. Usually heal with a scar. 

Treatment depends on how old the wound is, how contaminated or infected

Grooming

After hours calls (when available)

We offer our clients, an after-hours service for emergencies only. Due to family commitments we may not always be available, try ringing on the usual business number. If we are not available there is an after-hours emergency service at Sippy Downs (54 451333).

Diagnostics –Imaging, radiographs, ultrasound, and laboratory blood samples and histopathology.

We can perform routine diagnostic radiographs and we have an ultrasound specialist who performs ultrasounds at our surgery for our clients. A full range of diagnostic blood and tissue testing is available with some performed in-house and others referred to a large diagnostic laboratory.